The land reclamation for the development of a new port in Gulhifalhu, the Maldives, will result in the permanent loss of natural habitats, which cannot be avoided or mitigated. In order to compensate for this loss, a Biodiversity Offset Management Plan is currently under development with environmental consultants and government authorities. One of the proposed biodiversity offset strategies under this plan is the relocation of coral colonies from Gulhifalhu lagoon. Three coral relocation campaigns have already taken place, as described on this page. The total number of relocated coral colonies at this moment is approximately 34,500.
In order to obtain high success rates (i.e. health and growth of the relocated corals), only experienced coral relocation partners, who have the required knowledge, materials and people, are allowed to undertake coral relocation activities. Activities are permitted and controlled by the Project under the Project EIA. To determine the success of the activity, health and growth of the relocated corals are monitored 6 months after the relocation activity.